About Methods to Save Form Data



About Methods to Make Forms Fillable U.S. FedForms Statistics FedForms Comparison Tables About Forms

Summary

Accessibility of Forms Posted on This Website

Is the access to all forms completely free? Yes.
Can all forms be downloaded and used offline? Yes.
Is an username or password needed? No.
Is the access to all forms instant? Yes.
Are there any limitations? No.

What does the access include? It includes the following options:

This Website vs Governmental Websites

Is this a governmental Website? No.
Is the author or publisher of this Website affiliated with the government or any government agency? No.
Does the author or publisher of this Website represent the government or any government agency? No.
Does the domain name show that this Website is not a governmental Website? Yes.
How? Governmental domain names are usually ending with the ".gov" suffix.
Are there exceptions? Yes.
Can you provide an example? United States Postal Service (USPS) Website has both usps.gov and usps.com domain names.

Copyright

Blank Forms

Are blank forms (without any field rectangles and JavaScript code) protected by copyright? No.
Why? To be protected by copyright, a work must contain at least a minimum amount of original (literary, pictorial, or musical) expression and authorship.
Are the names, titles, and short phrases or clauses such as column headings or simple checklists protected by copyright? No.
Does this mean that (according to the copyright regulations) these types of work do not contain a minimum amount of original expression? Correct.
Is the format, arrangement, or typography of a work protected? No.
Does this mean that (according to the copyright regulations) these types of work do not contain a minimum amount of original expression? Correct.
Are standard calendars, height and weight charts, tape measures and rulers, schedules of sporting events, and lists or tables taken from public documents or other common sources, or other works consisting entirely of information that is common property protected by copyright? No.
Does this mean that (according to the copyright regulations) these types of work do not contain a minimum amount of original authorship? Correct.
Can blank forms contain portions of the work which constitute non-blank-form material? Yes.
Are the non-blank-form portions of the work copyright protected? Yes.
Even though the blank form portions of the work are not copyright protected? Correct.
Does this mean that copyright in such a case would extend protection only to the non-blank-form portions of the work, as distinguished from the U.S. blank form portions or other unprotected aspects of the work? Yes.
Are the copyright regulations related to blank forms available on the Web? Yes.
Can you provide an example? The Library of Congress, Circular 32: "Blank Forms and Other Works Not Protected by Copyright"

Publications Incorporating U. S. Government Works

Are U. S. Government works copyright protected? No.
Does this mean that blank U.S. Federal Government forms (without any field rectangles and JavaScript code) are not copyright protected? Correct.
Does this mean that blank U.S. Federal Government forms (without any field rectangles and JavaScript code) are not copyright protected? Correct.
Can U.S. Federal Government forms contain portions of the work which constitute non-governmental material? Yes.
Are the non-governmental portions of the work copyright protected? Yes.
Even though the governmental portions of the work are not copyright protected? Correct.
Does this mean that copyright in such a case would extend protection only to the non-governmental portions of the work, as distinguished from the U.S. Federal Government works or other unprotected aspects of the work? Yes.
Are the copyright regulations related to U. S. Government Works available on the Web? Yes.
Can you provide an example? The Library of Congress, Circular 1: "Blank Forms and Other Works Not Protected by Copyright"

Software

Is the software (a combination of JavaScript code, fill-in fields, buttons, other types of fields) protected by copyright? Yes.
Even though the software is published in conjunction with a blank form, U.S. Federal Government work, or other material not protected by copyright? Correct.
Does this mean that copyright in such a case would extend protection only to the software, as distinguished from the blank form, U.S. Federal Government works, or other unprotected aspects of the work? Yes.
Are the copyright regulations related to U. S. Government Works available on the Web? Yes.
Can you provide an example? The Library of Congress, Circular 61: "Copyright Registration for Computer Programs"

Forms Posted on This Website vs Forms Posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites

Are forms posted on this Website downloaded from U.S. Federal Government Websites? Yes.
Does this mean that forms posted on this Website are exact electronic copies of forms posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites? No.
What is the difference? After downloading, we added many additional electronic features to the forms posted on this Website.
What are the features added?
  1. All non-fillable forms are converted to fillable.
  2. The fillability of all fillable forms is dramatically improved.
  3. All detected errors removed.
  4. All damaged files repaired (except one, non-repairable).
  5. Elements of law quality removed.
  6. Useless elements removed.
  7. Free technical support is available.

Improvements

What does the 'fillability of all fillable forms is dramatically improved' mean? This means the following additional options:
  1. To insert text anywhere on page and in any rotation.
  2. To export and import text (along with text size, text color, text font, text position) -- for all the form, for any page, or for any range of pages -- by a click of button.
  3. To change text size, font, color, vertical and horizontal positions -- for all the form or for any line -- by a click of button.
  4. To type in text of any length to fit in the fill-in space regardless of the size of the space.
  5. To copy line into line, a set of lines into a set of lines, or a page into a page -- by a click of button.
  6. To have the text perfectly aligned horizontally and vertically.
  7. To reset (delete, erase) all the text inserted into the form or a line by a click of button.
  8. To convert a fill-in space rectangle to visible or hidden automatically every time the rectangle is in focus.
  9. To convert the text color to black automatically every time the PRINT button is pressed.
  10. To avoid the scrolling affect.
  11. To submit any technical support questions by a click of button.

Options that are Absolutely Necessary

Are there options that are necessary? Yes.
Can you provide an example? The option to type in text of any length to fit in the fill-in space regardless of the size of the space.
Why is this option necessary? Without this option, the user is unable to fill-in the form (if some of the fill-in space is too small).
Can you provide another example? The option to export/import the text (along with text size, text color, text font, text position).
Why is this option necessary? Read the next section.

Are the above options offered with forms posted (as fillable) on the government Websites? No.
Does this mean that an average user is unable to fill-in the forms posted (as fillable) on the government Websites? Correct.

Are there any other improvements that may well be needed? Yes.
Does this mean that the improvements outlined above constitute the minimum necessary? Yes.

Export and Import Options

Why is the option to export/import the text necessary? Without this option, the user is unable to resume the process of entering data into the form (after a pause).
Does this mean that without the export/import option, the user must enter data into the form without a pause? No.
Why? The user can to enter data into the form page-by-page.
How? To enter data into a page, then to print it out, then to make a pause, then to repeat the process with another page, etc.
Is it possible to enter data into a page without a pause? Rarely. The more complex the page -- the more difficult it is to complete the process without a pause.
What does the 'complexity of page' mean?
  1. Number of questions to answer
  2. Complexity of each question
Is the export/import option necessary only to allow the user to resume the process of entering data into the form (after a pause)? No.
What are the other purposes? To allow the user (after a pause): Is it possible to enter, check, correct, modify data without a pause? Rarely. The more complex the page -- the more difficult it is to complete the process without a pause.
Does this mean that without the export/import option the user is forced to fill-in the page (that is to enter, check, correct, modify data) again and again Yes.
...Even if the user is able to enter data into the page without a pause? Yes.

Basic Statistics: This Website

What is the number of forms and instructions posted on this Website? 16,831.
Are all forms fillable? Yes.
Are all instructions fillable? No.
How many instructions are fillable? Almost all.
What is the exception? Instructions containing 40 and more pages.
Why this is an exception? It is not reasonable to add fillability to 'very long' instructions.
Why? By adding fillability we increase the size of the file.

Basic Statistics: Governmental Websites

Fillable Forms

What is the number of fillable forms posted on the U.S. Federal Government Websites? Over 4,000 forms.
Does this mean that other 12,000+ forms and instructions posted on the U.S. Federal Government Websites are non-fillable? Yes.

Damaged Forms

What is the number of damaged forms posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites? 175.
Does this mean that 175 forms posted on the U.S. Federal Government Websites cannot be used? Yes.
Were you able to repair the damaged forms? Yes.
Are the repaired forms posted on this Website? Yes.

Good vs Bad in Statistics

Are the 4,000+ fillable forms a result of a lot of work of government employees? It is a result of a gigantic work of different agencies.
Are the fillable forms, in general, helpful? Yes.
Is this a plus? Yes.

What are the minuses?
  1. Only 4,000+ forms are fillable (while thousands of others are not).
  2. There are many errors and elements of low quality inside those 4,000+ forms.
  3. The most important features (export/import, text size modification, etc.) are absent.
Do different government agencies have different results? Yes.

Can you provide some good examples?
  1. United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Number of fillable forms: 57 out of 124.
  2. United States Department of Defense. Number of fillable departmental forms: 935 out of 955.
  3. Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Number of fillable forms, year 2002: 525 out of 643 (584 files out of 1227 are instructions and publications).
  4. Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Number of fillable forms, year 2003: 541 out of 631 (592 files out of 1223 are instructions and publications).
Can you provide some bad examples?
  1. United States Postal Service (USPS). Number of fillable forms: 1 out of 116
  2. United States Department of Army. Number of fillable forms: 0 out of 1589
  3. Social Security Administration. Number of fillable forms: 0 out of 61.

Forms vs Instructions

Do 12,000+ nonfillable U.S. Federal government files include not only forms but also instructions? Yes.
Is fillability needed for instructions? No.
Is fillability preferable for instructions? Yes.
Why? To allow the readers to make notes.

Errors in Forms Posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites

What is the number of errors in forms posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites? Hundreds of thousands.
What is the number of forms with errors? Thousands.

What categories of errors are in forms posted on the U.S. Federal Government Websites?
  1. Scrolling Affect.
  2. Listbox fields with no items.
  3. Combobox fields with no items.
  4. Hidden fields not in use.
  5. Electronic signature fields not in use.
  6. Button fields not in use (with no JavaScript, no Readonly).
Are there errors in listing of forms posted on the U.S. Federal Government Websites? Yes.

What categories of errors?
  1. Incorrect name of form
  2. Incorrect government sub-agency
  3. Incorrect modification date
  4. Incorrect fillability: fillable forms listed as non-fillable; nonfillable forms listed as fillable.

About Scrolling Affect in Forms Posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites

What does the 'scrolling affect' mean? It means the following. Some answers can be too long to fit in the field spaces in government forms. However, when an answer becomes too long to fit in the field rectangle, the left part of the text starts to disappear (scroll) automatically without user's knowledge to allow the user to continue to type in the right part of the field...
... Instead of informing the user to stop the typing? Correct.
Does this mean that because of text field scrolling, the user is not limited to type in the field length, but only a visible part of the text is printed? Correct.
How many fields (in forms posted on the U.S. Federal Government Websites) have scrolling affect? Over 401,000.
Is scrolling affect possible only in text fields? Yes.
What is the total number of text fields? Over 417,000.
Does this mean that only 15,000+ fields are free from scrolling affect? Yes.
What does this include? This includes:
  1. 232,000+ scrolling affect fields with no character limit (the most dangerous form of scrolling affect).
  2. 142,000+ scrolling affect fields with character limit greater than one (a little less dangerous form of scrolling affect).
  3. 26,000+ scrolling affect fields with character limit equal to one (non-dangerous form of scrolling affect).
Does this mean that (because of scrolling affect) some answers are printed incompletely without user's knowledge because of scrolling affect? Yes.
Does this mean that 100's of 1000's of fields are 'too small' for answers? Yes.
Does this mean that many users are unable to fill-in the forms? Yes.

Elements of Low Quality in Forms Posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites

What do elements of low quality in forms include?
  1. Inaccurate adjustment of field sizes: width & height
  2. Inaccurate alignment of fields: horizontally (line by line) & vertically (column by column)
  3. Inaccurate tab order
  4. Invisible field rectangles
  5. Ignored fields

Elements of Low Quality in Some U.S. Federal Government Forms' Webpages

What do elements of low quality in Web pages include?
  1. No form directories
  2. No user friendly form directories
  3. No form directory by form number
  4. No form directory by form name
  5. No form directory by form category
  6. No form directory by subagency
  7. No 'browse' option
  8. No 'search' option

Fields Ignored in Forms Posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites

What do ignored fields include?
  1. Radiobuttons
  2. Listboxes
  3. Comboboxes
What is the number of radiobuttons in forms posted on the U.S. Federal Government Websites? 2,694.
What is the number of listboxes in forms posted on the U.S. Federal Government Websites? 2.
What is the number of comboboxes in forms posted on the U.S. Federal Government Websites? 272.
What is the total number of fields in forms posted on the U.S. Federal Government Websites? 465,940.
Does this mean that radiobuttons, listboxes, comboboxes are almost completely ignored in the forms posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites? Yes.

Do forms posted on this Website use radiobuttons, checkboxes, listboxes, comboboxes? No.
Why? The forms posted on this Website are fillable by the ITAOP (Insert Text Anywhere On Page) method.
Does this mean that ITAOP method does not need the above fields? Correct.
Why? The ITAOP method is based on text fill-in space only.
Does this mean that the traditional FBF (Field-by-Field) method has the advantage over the ITAOP method? No.
Why? The radiobuttons, listboxes, comboboxes are almost completely ignored or used incorrectly in forms post on the U.S. Federal Government Websites.

Checkboxes vs Radiobuttons in Forms Posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites

What is the number of radiobuttons in forms posted on the U.S. Federal Government Websites? 2,694.
What is the number of checkboxes in forms posted on the U.S. Federal Government Websites? 44,678.
Does this mean that radiobuttons are almost completely ignored in the forms posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites? Yes.
Does this mean that checkboxes are used almost everywhere instead of radiobuttions in the forms posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites? Yes.
What is the reason? It is much more difficult to locate radiobuttons correctly than checkboxes.
Why? To locate radiobuttons correctly, the form designer must have a very good understanding of the contents of the form.
Does this mean that checkboxes are used everywhere instead of radiobuttions in the forms posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites to make the work of form designers easier? Yes.
What is the result of this? The work of form users becomes more difficult.
Why? If there is a set of boxes but only one of them is to be checked, radiobuttons automatically prevent the user from checking more than one box.
Does this mean that if a checkbox is used instead of radiobutton, the user must be more careful and more knowledgeable to avoid mistake? Yes.
Does this mean, in other words, that it is much easier for a form designer to use check boxes instead of radio buttons, but it is much more difficult for a form user to fill in the form if there are check boxes instead of radio buttons? Yes.

Checkboxes vs Text Fill-in Space in Forms Posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites

Does checkbox (even if placed incorrectly instead of radiobutton) have the advantage over a text fill-in space? No.
Does a text fill-in space have advantages over a checkbox (used incorrectly instead of radiobutton)? Yes.
Why? The probability of user's errors increases.
Why? It is assumed by the form user that checkboxes are placed correctly (that is not instead of radiobutton).
What is the result of such an assumption? The user can make an incorrect conclusion that more than one option must be checked in a group of options.
Can the contents of the form help to avoid the incorrect conclusion? Yes.
Does this mean that the probability of error would be smaller if there was a text fill-in space instead of incorrectly used checkboxes? Yes.

Useless Elements in Forms Posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites

'Save Data', 'Load Data', 'eMail Form' Buttons

Are there forms posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites containing the above buttons? Yes
Can such buttons be used in Acrobat Full Program? Yes.
Can the same operations be performed in Acrobat Full Program by the standard menu or keyboard methods (without buttons)? Correct.
Can such buttons be used in Acrobat Reader? No.
Is the button user informed by alert that the button cannot be used in Acrobat Reader? Yes.
Does this mean that the buttons are useful only for user unable to use the standard menu and keyboard methods? Correct.
Does this mean that the buttons are useless for almost all the users? Yes.

'Add Page' Buttons

Are there forms posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites containing the above buttons? Yes
Can such buttons be used in Acrobat Full Program? Yes.
Can the same operations be performed in Acrobat Full Program by the standard menu or keyboard methods (without buttons)? No.
Can such buttons be used in Acrobat Reader? No.
Is the button user informed by alert that the button cannot be used in Acrobat Reader? Yes.
Does this mean that the buttons are useful only for users of Acrobat Full Program? Yes.
Does this mean that the buttons are useless for almost all the users? Yes.

Automatic Calculations in Forms Posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites

Are there fields with automatic calculations in forms posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites? Yes.
Are there many such fields? No.
Are such fields necessary? No.
Are such fields helpful? Yes.
Are U.S. federal government agencies able to create thousands of fields with automatic calculations? No.
Why? We already know that checkboxes are used almost everywhere instead of radiobuttons because U.S. federal government agencies are unable to create thousands of radiobuttons. So, it is illogical to expect from U.S. federal government agencies to be successful in much more complex and much longer process of the creation of the thousands of fields with automatic calculations.

Reconstruction of Forms Posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites

Fillable Forms

Are fillable forms posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites reconstructed? Yes.
How?
  1. Old fillability features removed.
  2. New fillability features added.
  3. JavaScript added.
  4. Line-by-line buttons added.
  5. Control panel with buttons added.

Non-fillable Forms

Are non-fillable forms posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites reconstructed? Yes.
How?
  1. Fillability features added.
  2. JavaScript added.
  3. Line-by-line buttons added.
  4. Control panel with buttons added.

Process Used by U.S. Federal Government Agencies to Make Forms Fillable

Is it done by government agencies automatically or manually? Manually.
Is it done by government agencies field-by-field or form-by-form? Field-by-field.
Are all steps or only some steps done by government agencies manually? All steps.

What is the evidence?
  1. Field properties.
  2. Field positions.
  3. Field names.
Can you provide an example? There are forms posted on the U.S. Federal Government Websites containing fill-in text fields with and without scrolling affect.
What does this mean? This means that the 'doNotScroll' property was set field-by-field (manually).
Why? Because if this were set form-by-form (automatically), all fields would have the same property.

How many fields are there in the 4,000+ fillable forms posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites? About 466,000.
Does this mean about 100 fields in a form? Yes.

What is the average total time to make a form fillable (by methods used by government agencies) with respect to breaks (telephone, coffee, smoking, lunch, etc.)? About one working day of one government employee.

What is the average total time to make 4,000+ forms fillable (by methods used by government agencies)? 4,000 working days (800 working weeks, 16 working years).
Does this mean that it can take five working weeks for a team of 160 government employees to make 4,000+ forms fillable? Yes.
Does this mean that it can take about five months for a team of 160 government employees to make fillable all the 16,000+ forms forms posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites? Yes.
Does this mean that, for many agencies, new versions of forms are issued faster than old versions can become fillable? Yes.
Is this the reason why some agencies offer two versions of forms: old (fillable) and new (nonfillable)? Yes.
Does this mean that U.S. Federal Government Agencies are unable to make all (16,000+) forms fillable by methods the agencies use (with respect to the time frame and number of employees)? Correct.

Can the process of making forms fillable be done by a method other than field-by-field? Yes.
What is the name of the method? Insert Text Anywhere on Form (ITAOP) (form-by-form) method.
Is the ITAOP form-by-form method faster than field-by-field? Yes.
How long can it take to make 16,000+ forms fillable by ITAOP method? About ten hours (one person involved).
That is all? That is all.
Does this mean ten hours instead of five months, one person instead of 160 people? Yes.
Will the ITAOP method result in the same quality? No.
Will the ITAOP method result in a better quality? Yes.
Is it possible to get the same quality by field-by-field method? No.

What is the Loss of American People as a Result of Problems with Forms Posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites?

How many forms are downloaded from all U.S. Federal Government Websites? Probably hundreds of millions (if not billions) of nonfillable (and low quality fillable) forms per year.
What is the direct loss of American as a result of problems with forms posted on U.S. Federal Government Websites? Tens of billions (if not hundreds of billions) of dollars per year.
Are there additional (indirect) losses? Yes.
Are indirect losses larger than direct losses? Yes.
Is the situation with forms posted on U.S. state government Website better than with the federal government Websites? No.
Does this mean that the financial loss per month caused by problems with all the government form system is not only bigger than cost of Iraq (both war and rebuilding) per month, but even bigger than cost of all the war on terrorism? Correct.
Can you provide a defense-related example? Number of fillable forms of the United States Department of Army: 0 out of 1589.

Bureaucratic System Factor

Is it possible to fix the problem with the methods government agencies use? No.
Are government agencies willing to use new methods? No.
Why? The bureaucratic system is usually trying to protect itself.
Why? There are many reasons.

Can you provide examples?
  1. Typical bureaucrats do not like anything new, anything that can bring changes. In any bureaucratic system, the changes usually bring only headache (not the benefits) to the employees.
  2. To use new methods, the government employees must learn these methods. In any bureaucratic system, the learning usually brings headache (not the benefits) to the employees.
  3. To use new methods bureaucrats usually need signatures of a few higher-ranking government employees. For example, a Web director of one of state government Websites informed us that four signatures are required in their agency for such decision.
  4. In any bureaucratic system, the decisions, the signatures usually bring responsibilities (not the benefits). As a result, a typical bureaucrat will not even disturb a higher-level bureaucrat with such questions.
Is the above true only for the bureaucratic system? No.
Does this mean that the bureaucratic system is not an exception? Correct.

Traditional Filing vs Electronic Submission

Problems with Creation of Electronic Submission Systems

Is the electronic submission an option offered by U.S. federal government agencies? Yes.
Is it an option offered for many forms? No. It is an option offered for very few forms.
Is it an option offered by many U.S. federal government agencies? No. It is an option offered by very few U.S. federal government agencies.
Why is this an option offered by very few U.S. federal government agencies for very few forms? U.S. federal government agencies are not able to create systems of electronic submission.
Why U.S. federal government agencies are unable to create systems of electronic submission? We already know that today U.S. federal government agencies are unable to add hundreds of thousands of fill-in fields to thousands of already existing forms in PDF format. They tried for years but failed. So, it is illogical to expect from U.S. federal government agencies to be successful in much more complex and much longer process of the creation of the systems of electronic filing.

Problems with Systems of Electronic Submission

Are there problems with systems of electronic submission? Yes.

What are the problems?
  1. Data entry.
  2. Form submission.
  3. Confirmation of form submission.
  4. Signature.

Today and Tomorrow of the Electronic Submission

Does the electronic submission have the future? Yes
What is the solution? The user must be able:
  1. To download the form into user's hard drive
  2. To fill-in the form offline
  3. To export data entered (at any time) offline
  4. To import data entered (at any time) into the online form
  5. To sign the form electronically
  6. To submit form
  7. To receive confirmation of submission
  8. To resubmit the form (if necessary).
Does this mean that the electronic submission system should complement (not replace) the offline fill-in method? Correct.
Are all the above options available today in government electronic filing system? No.
Does this mean that the electronic filing method is not a solution for U.S. federal government agencies today? Correct.
Does this mean that the PDF ITAOP method is the only solution for U.S. federal government agencies today? Correct.

Reality vs Government Paperwork Elimination Act (GPEA)

What does the Government Paperwork Elimination Act (GPEA) require? GPEA "requires Federal agencies, by October 21, 2003, to allow individuals or entities that deal with the agencies the option to submit information or transact with the agency electronically, WHEN PRACTICABLE, and to maintain records electronically, WHEN PRACTICABLE".
What does "WHEN PRACTICABLE" mean in practice? It means "WHEN FEDERAL AGENCIES ARE ABLE TO".
Are the Federal agencies able "to allow individuals or entities that deal with the agencies the option to submit information or transact with the agency electronically and to maintain records electronically, by October 21, 2003"? Read Some Statistics (published after October 21, 2003).
When was GPEA signed into law? On October 21, 1998.
Does this mean that the agencies were given three years to implement the Act? Correct
Does this mean that GPEA is not realistic? Correct... As long as government agencies continue to use their manual field-by-field methods.
Does this mean that GPEA is just another document created by bureaucrats with little or no understanding of all the technical aspects of the problem? Correct.
What agency is responsible for the implementation of the GPEA? Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Executive Office of the President.
Were the proposed implementation of GPEA published by OMB for public comments? Yes.
When? On March 5, 1999.

Has OMB met with relevant committees and interested organizations? Yes. According to OMB, these include:
  1. American Bar Association (both the Business Law and the Science and Technology Sections);
  2. American Bankers Association;
  3. National Automated Clearing House Association;
  4. National Governors Association;
  5. National Association of State Information Resource Executives;
  6. National Association of State Auditors, Controllers and Treasurers;
  7. National Association of State Purchasing Officers;
  8. the Government of Canada;
  9. the Government of Australia;
  10. the relevant industry forums.
Were the above committees and organizations positive about the guidance? According to OMB, "OMB received specific comments from 24 organizations. All were uniformly positive about the content and tone of the guidance. Most comments proposed changes in clarity and detail."

Are there any other documents related to GPEA? Yes. It include:
  1. Appendix III of Circular A-130 (revised in February 1996)
  2. Presidential Decision Directive 63 (issued in May 1998)
  3. Report "Access With Trust" (published in September, 1998, by OMB and the Federal Public Key Infrastructure Steering Committee)
  4. Presidential Memorandum, "Electronic Government," (published on December 17, 1999)
Is GPEA related information available on the U.S. Federal Government Websites? Yes.
Can you provide an example? The Website of Office of Management and Budget (OMB)



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